REIB — Investment Banking is a broad term that encompasses capital raising and strategic transaction advisory services for real estate companies. They don't invest in any property. Private equity firms use pools of capital to invest in businesses and make money by charging a percentage of mutual funds while generating significant returns on their investments. Investment banks, on the other hand, advise their clients on large transactions (such as acquisitions or mergers) while raising capital for their clients.
They connect those seeking capital for real estate agreements with those who provide it. Banks examine the risk, location and general scope of projects, types of assets and cash flow potential, as well as underwriting and assisting in the sale of properties. The Merchant Banking Division invests in corporate private equity, real estate, infrastructure and credit. Banks with large balance sheets tend to perform well because many real estate businesses are related to financing.
Note that this point has changed over time due to agreements such as the acquisition of HFF, an IB real estate firm, which strengthened JLL's investment banking capabilities. And if these investments generate positive returns, MBD can gain carry, allowing it to retain a portion of the investment profits. In today's industry, there are large-scale investment banks (“BBs”) or large-scale investment banks with most, if not all, of the divisions I mentioned above and boutique investment banks much smaller in scale. The same types of candidates competing for other investment banking positions in major groups, elite boutiques, and mid-market firms are also competitive for real estate IB positions.
The Investment Management Division does exactly what its name suggests: it manages the %26 money of investments for its clients. For example, they will have a Real Estate Fund that focuses specifically on real estate opportunities and a Mezzanine Fund that focuses specifically on mezzanine debt investments. The other bad news is that real estate investment banking doesn't necessarily prepare you for every opportunity related to real estate. For example, a nursing home REIT is influenced by different forces than a multi-family (apartment) REIT or an industrial (warehouse) REIT, even though they are all “real estate investment trusts”.
You have to be careful with this definition because many firms, such as CBRE and Jones Lang LaSalle (JLL), also have “real estate investment banking groups”. Maybe (maybe huge) Eastdill, who was also involved in the deal, can call himself real estate investment bankers, but if debt brokers who have just deposited debt for a portion of the portfolio Blackstone had identified in the deal call themselves investment bankers, it's quite shameful. Now replace real estate with investment opportunities and that's what investment banks do conceptually.